Although 5 to 8% of women do not have it, they get diabetes in pregnancy. It is most often caused by being overweight and causing many complications for the mother and child.
Regular controls are necessary to detect diabetes on time, but also to prevent possible complications caused by diabetes. It is important to listen to your body language. Thus, the pregnant woman will also recognize the possible signs suggestive of diabetes, as well as any other changes that the body shows when diabetes is already diagnosed.
How to deal with pregnancy and diabetes obtained during pregnancy and how to prevent complications of diabetes in pregnancy?
Diabetes in Pregnancy
Diabetes in pregnancy is called gestational diabetes. It is a pregnancy-specific disorder of glucose metabolism that results from hormonal and metabolic disorders. Increased hormone levels, stress, and weight gain cause the hormone to be secreted by the pancreas, insulin and ultimately lead to an increase in blood glucose levels.
In addition to increasing blood sugar levels, other changes are common, such as an increase in blood pressure and poor LDL cholesterol.
Gestational diabetes is detected by a test if the fasting blood glucose level is more than 5.1 mmol / l, that is, measured after 60 minutes and 10 mmol / l after 2 hours and is 8.6 mmol / l.
Treatment for diabetes in pregnancy is usually done with regular monitoring, proper nutrition, and moderate physical activity.
Gestational diabetes after childbirth usually disappears, but the risk of type 1 diabetes can be as high as 5-10%. In addition to the risk of diabetes after pregnancy, diseases of the circulatory system may also occur.
How to Identify Diabetes in Pregnancy?
Diabetes in pregnancy may not necessarily be accompanied by symptoms characteristic of a rise in blood glucose, so regular check-ups with a doctor are extremely important. The symptoms that indicate an increase in blood sugar are;
- Great weight gain of a pregnant woman
- Increased hunger and thirst
- Nausea and vomiting
- Frequent vaginal infections
- Vision problems like the blurring of vision
- Frequent urination
- Skin problems: itching and slow healing of wounds
All symptoms should be reported to a physician who will continue to perform blood glucose or OGTT measurements.
Mandatory medical checks reveal
Gestational diabetes is diagnosed with OGTT screening. Strict evaluation is carried out between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. However, earlier measurements are also possible if diabetes is suspected.
The OGTT test is a test for the detection of blood glucose disorders and is performed by measuring glucose in the urine at specific intervals.
Performing these tests is recommended for all pregnant women by determining fasting blood sugar. In addition to medical advice, regular self-monitoring of blood sugar is recommended.
Women who have had diabetes prior to pregnancy should be referred to a team specializing in high-risk pregnancy management.
In determining gestational diabetes, a risk assessment of various complications should be performed in pregnant women. The same applies to eye examinations for the adverse effects of diabetes on a long-term vision.
The Risks of Gestational Diabetes
Poor blood glucose control or gestational diabetes can increase the risk of many complications for both mother and child. Increased blood sugar levels can primarily lead to abnormal fetal development, increased baby growth and impeded brain development.
For a woman, complications such as an increase in fertile water, the risk of a cesarean section, a failed pregnancy (miscarriage), or having a stillbirth can occur.
Women with gestational diabetes are more susceptible to infection than women who do not have diabetes in pregnancy.
In addition to disorders in the growth and development of the baby, diabetes in pregnancy can lead to other complications such as jaundice and enlargement of the red blood cells in the baby.
Children of mothers with gestational diabetes have a significantly higher birth weight than children of mothers who do not have diabetes. Usually, such children are born with a birth weight of about 4000g.
Why is Nutrition Key to Diabetes in Pregnancy?
Proper and healthy eating is a key element in the control of gestational diabetes. Planning a meal and dietary choices as recommended by a doctor is a major challenge facing women with gestational diabetes.
It is important to have a healthy diet that will include five meals a day. A healthy diet also requires avoiding fatty foods and sugary foods and sweetened beverages. Instead of sweetened juices full of sugars and additives, it is advisable to drink only water.
In addition to proper nutrition, it is important to exercise daily in a moderate amount of physical activity such as walking, swimming, and light exercise.
A balanced diet of the mother during pregnancy has a lasting impact on the long-term health of both mother and child. And that is why it is important regardless of the onset of diabetes or not to worry about diet and weight.
Help with weight loss and prevention of diabetes in pregnancy
Pregnant women who are overweight but also easier to cope with problems of indigestion or constipation. This, in turn, leads to obesity and affects metabolic disorders.
Better digestion in pregnancy will be triggered by preparations with Indian dandelion, chamomile tea, or kiwi, fig and plum syrup syrups. Indian dandruff binds itself with a large amount of water and facilitates the digestion process. This also avoids the rupture of blood vessels or the appearance of hemorrhoids, which is very common in pregnancy.
In addition to proper nutrition and light exercise to boost metabolism, probiotics can help. Besides restoring the balance of the intestinal and vaginal mucosa, they also strengthen the immune system. Finnish experts have proven that probiotics reduce the incidence of gestational diabetes by as much as 20%. Probiotic cultures of microorganisms will boost metabolism and help maintain body weight. Their other important role is to prevent and treat vaginal infections that are common in pregnant women who have diabetes during pregnancy.
Spirulina is a rich source of vitamins and minerals. It is a blue-green algae that stimulates metabolism, helps to eliminate toxins from the body, thus promoting weight loss. It has been shown to reduce blood glucose levels, making it ideal for diabetes. It is completely safe for pregnant women.
How to control the effects of diabetes in pregnancy?
Raising your blood glucose level also carries with it other problems such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure.
Cranberry is a medicinal herb that has a beneficial effect on frequent urinary infections that occur during pregnancy. In addition to cranberries, the healing properties of the herbaceous plant also help. Namely, mullet is safe for use in pregnancy. It helps with vaginal fungal diseases that are very common in women with gestational diabetes. In addition, vruta strengthens the uterus and reduces complications of childbirth itself.
It is recommended that magnesium minerals be consumed to reduce stress and diabetes in general. Magnesium reduces tension, cramps, improves circulation. In conditions of increased blood sugar, magnesium is excreted from the body. That is why supplements of this mineral in pregnancy are recommended, especially those affected by gestational diabetes.
Vitamins and minerals as a dietary supplement for pregnant women are essential before, during and after pregnancy. Folic acid has been shown to reduce the incidence of diabetes in pregnancy and the onset of type 2 diabetes after birth. In addition, folic acid plays an important role in preventing obesity in pregnant women. It is recommended that you take it before and during pregnancy for the sake of both maternal and child health benefits.
Also read: 8 Best Foods To Control Diabetes