What are Probiotics? Benefits of Probiotics

The term probiotic literally means ‘for life’ (pro biota). We often hear about the importance of probiotics for human health but many don’t actually know what are the benefits of probiotics. 

Probiotics are useful bacteria that, as normal gut residents, prevent infections, strengthen and protect the body, and serve to restore and maintain the stability of the gut flora, which is responsible for the health of the whole organism.

Probiotics are recommended to boost the function of the immune system, bowel disease, food allergies, diarrhea, and constipation. They are naturally found in fermented dairy products and pickled vegetables. As a large part of the immune system is located precisely within the walls of the gastrointestinal system, the balance of the intestinal flora plays a key role in the immune function of children, not just adults.

Balance, especially in the case of children, is often impaired by the environment, a poor diet rich in sugars and poor in fiber, diseases, and conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome and antibiotic use.

The digestive system’s bacteria are essential for their normal physiological function, but some can be harmful. When the intestinal bacterial microflora is disturbed, dysbiosis occurs, that is, when the “good” and “bad” bacteria are out of balance.

Destruction of a single beneficial bacterium can affect the development of the disease. Probiotics as a dietary supplement can be very helpful.

Consider the microflora health in case of

  • Diarrhea
  • Prison
  • Food allergies
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Various bowel diseases
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Poor immune system
  • Increased cholesterol levels
  • Increased stress exposures
  • Inflammatory processes
  • Skin and vaginal infections

The benefits of probiotics can also be seen here due to the fact that some of these diseases are almost impossible to treat without the use of probiotics. Diarrhea, food intolerances, lactose, fungal infections, acute or chronic in nature, should also be treated with oral probiotics to calm inflammatory processes and bring the intestinal microflora into balance.

Benefits of probiotics in the gut 

The gut microflora is made up of beneficial bacteria that are normal colon inhabitants and play a significant role in human health. The bacterial flora is naturally present in the gut of humans and has been present in this symbiotic relationship since birth.

The bacteria of the gut microflora improve the absorption of nutrients and affect the energy level in the body. They are important for the metabolic processes of the body, the synthesis of vitamins, the storage of fat, which is why they become an important factor in maintaining body weight. They also maintain the function of the intestinal mucosa, protect the body against allergens and the growth of pathogenic microorganisms.

Other benefits of probiotics in the human gut are to protect against infection and to strengthen the function of the immune system.

For these reasons, we can conclude that maintaining a healthy balance of the intestinal microflora is essential for general human health and protection of the body against various diseases.

What are probiotics and what are prebiotics?

Probiotics are called living microorganisms whose main function is to maintain microbiological and immune balance in the body. Most often these are microorganisms from the genera Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. It is important to note that probiotics affect the balance of good and bad bacteria in the gut microflora and promote gut function when its balance is completely or partially impaired.

Prebiotics are non-degradable elements of food such as inulin and their role is to stimulate the growth and activity of good bacteria in the gut. They can be taken in combination with probiotics, which enhances their action and speeds up the process of restoring the gut microflora.

When is it recommended to take probiotics?

The best indicators of impaired gut microbiota balance are diarrhea, constipation, various infections, and decreased immunity. If your doctor has prescribed antibiotic therapy, be sure to take probiotics with it. Antibiotics impair the balance of the intestinal microflora, so the use of probiotics with antibiotics is essential.

The use of probiotics in the case of diarrhea is the most common. If you are taking any other medicines to stop diarrhea, do not forget to take probiotics long enough and regularly to keep your intestinal microflora back in balance. We also recommend the same for prisons that all ages are struggling with.

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The role of probiotics is twofold for the treatment of urinary tract infections. Specifically, probiotics stimulate the activity of good bacteria by reducing inflammatory processes while at the same time eliminating pathogenic microorganisms and reducing their overproduction. More recently, combinations of probiotics and herbs have been common to treat urinary tract infections and cystitis, which is a very common occurrence in women.

Which probiotic to buy?

There are a number of different probiotic supplements on the market.

Since there are many different types of accessories, there are several elements to consider when choosing:

Probiotic content – the actual number of probiotic cultures in a capsule (useful for comparing two different products),

Type of probiotic – bifidobacteria, lactobacilli or complex probiotics (depending on your condition and doctor’s recommendation), value (content to price ratio).

Although probiotic supplements are available, probiotics can also be taken with a healthy diet. Keep in mind that the amount of probiotics in supplements is greater than what you can take with your diet.

New generation probiotics usually contain many different strains with specific effects on human health, and their concentration is extremely high – tens of billions.

Some of the foods that are rich in probiotic cultures are yogurt, sauerkraut, kefir, kombucha, etc. The probiotics in them are created by the fermentation process.

Good bacteria from food

Microorganisms find their place in food preparation as well. Lactic acid bacteria are important for the preparation of yogurt, kefir, and cheese. These fermented foods are a good source of beneficial bacteria that prevent the growth of pathogens. However, in the case of intestinal microflora disorders, they do not have a probiotic effect, that is, they will not do wonders to bring the intestinal microflora into balance.

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Foods rich in these foods are a useful source of bacterial cultures and are recommended in daily diets.

Probiotics for women’s health

The balance of the vaginal microflora is similar to the bacterial maintain good bacteria. Vaginal microflora is often impaired due to stress, overuse of detergents and fungal infections.

For the intimate health of women and the prevention of many sexual diseases that arise as a result of disorders of the vaginal microflora, it is important to take care of keeping the microflora healthy. For frequent vaginal infections, we recommend taking probiotics in the form of capsules for oral use or in the form of vaginals.

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